Key Market Overview:
Isocyanates Market size was worth USD 27.9 Billion in 2021, accounting for a CAGR of 6.5% during the forecast period (2022-2030), and the market is projected to be worth USD 49.18 Billion by 2030.
Isocyanates are a group of organic chemicals extensively utilized as a volatile intermediate in the manufacture of polyurethane products such as adhesives, foam insulation, and upholstery. Isocyanates are a class of extremely reactive and low molecular weight chemicals. They are broadly applied to manufacture coatings such as varnishes, paints, and elastomers. Furthermore, they are progressively used in automobile, building insulation materials, and auto body repair industries. The spray-on polyurethane commodities comprising isocyanates have been improved for an extensive range of commercial, industrial, and retail applications to safeguard wood, cement, steel, aluminum, and fiberglass. Protective coatings for trailers, boats, truck beds, foundations, and decks are some other applications where isocyanates are used. Exposure to isocyanates causes respiratory issues, skin-related problems, and in extreme cases, may lead to occupational asthma. To reduce the health hazards related to isocyanates, it is essential to execute engineering controls and appropriate personal protective equipment at the workplace.
The Asia-Pacific region holds the largest market share in terms of revenue and volume of the global isocyanates market. This is driven by the rise in construction and automotive industries, particularly in emerging nations such as China and India.
- Increasing demand for polyurethane products:
Isocyanates are utilized to build an extensive range of goods with multiple properties, making them a versatile element in the manufacture of polyurethane products. The rising demand for polyurethane-based products in several industries, such as automotive, construction, and packaging is driving the demand for isocyanates.
- Rising investment in the construction industry:
Polyurethane foam made from isocyanates has good insulation properties, making it the most preferable choice for insulation in the industry of construction. Thus, the growing construction industry, especially in emerging nations, is driving the global isocyanates market. For instance, according to a report by Euromonitor, the Asia Pacific construction & real estate production value is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6% over the 2020-2030 period.
- Utilization in the production of adhesives:
The utilization of isocyanates in the production of adhesives offers robust bonding properties, making it a valuable asset across a range of industries, including automotive, manufacturing, and woodworking.
Isocyanates are toxic and highly reactive materials. There are severe regulations regarding their handling, usage, and production. Exposure or contact with isocyanates causes multiple health issues, which leads to increased scrutiny of their utilization. Furthermore, there is extensive competition from alternatives, such as bio-based polyols which are safer and more eco-friendly. Additionally, the prices of raw materials employed in the manufacturing of isocyanates, such as toluene diisocyanate and aniline, are extremely volatile and impact the profitability of manufacturers. The above-mentioned factors are hampering the market growth of isocyanates. Also, the severe disruption in the global economy due to inflationary pressures and the energy crisis has hampered market growth. For instance, in January 2020, the Covestero Company announced a halt in its USD 1.5 billion methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) plant due to the economic conditions.
The development of bio-based isocyanates to reduce dependency on petroleum-based feedstocks and to lower the carbon footprint is expected to create lucrative opportunities for the market to grow in the future. Furthermore, improvement in eco-efficiency and sustainability of isocyanate production processes can reduce waste, energy consumption, and greenhouse gas emissions. The mentioned factors are expected to provide lucrative opportunities for the global isocyanates market to grow in the future.
Isocyanates Report Coverage:
|Report Attributes||Report Details|
|Market Size in 2030 (USD Billion)||49.18 Billion|
|By Type||Methylene Diphenyl Diisocyanate (MDI), Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI), and Others|
|By Application||Flexible & Rigid Foam, Coatings, Adhesives, Sealants, Elastomers, and Others|
|By End-use||Building & Construction, Automotive, Furniture & Bedding, Packaging, and Others|
|By Region||North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa|
|Key Players||Vencorex, Covestro, Evonik, BASF, EMS, Rudolf, Asahi KASEI, Mitsui Chemicals, Leeson Polyurethanes, DIC, Tosoh, and Lanxess|
Based on type, the market is segmented into methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI), toluene diisocyanate (TDI), and others. The methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) segment holds the highest share of the global isocyanates market. MDI is the most extensively utilized isocyanate and is primarily used in the manufacturing of polyurethane foams for applications such as cushioning, insulation, and construction. The largest market share of this segment can be credited to its versatility and extensive range of applications in multiple sectors such as automotive, furniture & bedding, and construction. Furthermore, the rising demand for energy-efficient building materials and the improvement of the construction industry are further driving the demand for MDI during the forecast period. The TDI segment is anticipated to grow at the fastest CAGR over the forecast period. TDI is ideal for manufacturing flexible foam commodities with a uniform cell structure and the growth in the automotive and furniture market is expected to drive the demand for TDI over the forecast period.
Based on application, the isocyanates market is segmented into flexible & rigid foam, coatings, adhesives, sealants, elastomers, and others. The flexible foam segment holds the largest market share of isocyanates globally. Flexible foam is extensively used in the manufacturing of cushions and seating commodities for several end-use industries, such as construction, automotive, and furniture. The large share of flexible foam in the market is credited to its excellent properties, such as durability, high comfort, and versatility, which make it preferable for many applications. Advancements in the construction and automotive industry, particularly in developing nations contributed to the growth of the flexible foam segment.
The end-use segment is categorized into building & construction, automotive, furniture & bedding, packaging, and others. The building and construction segment is the major end-use industry for isocyanates with the largest share in the market. Isocyanates are utilized in this industry for applications such as insulation, adhesives, flooring, and roofing. The usage of isocyanates in the building & construction industry is driven by their fine bonding features and their ability to offer energy-efficient and insulation solutions. Therefore, the growth of this industry in developing economies is anticipated to drive the demand for isocyanates during the forecast period. Furthermore, the furniture segment is anticipated to grow at the fastest CAGR over the forecast period owing to the increasing demand for durable and comfortable furniture & bedding products.
The regions include North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. The Asia Pacific region is the dominating market in terms of revenue. The region holds the largest market share in the global isocyanates market, with China being the largest consumer and producer of isocyanates. The rising construction and automotive industry, especially in nations such as China, Japan, and India is driving the demand for isocyanates in this region. Moreover, the increasing demand for isocyanates in the furniture & bedding industry, owing to excellent comfort contributes to the market growth in the region. The North America region holds the second largest market share owing to the presence of major global players as well as the presence of a well-established infrastructure for the manufacturing and distribution of isocyanates.
Isocyanates Market Competitive Landscape:
The market is highly competitive, with a large number of players operating at the global and regional levels. The players compete on various parameters such as price, quality, innovation, and customer service. They are constantly investing in research and development to improve their products and expand their market share. Mergers, acquisitions, and partnerships are also common strategies employed by companies to enhance their market position and expand their product portfolio. Key players in the market include:
- Asahi KASEI
- Mitsui Chemicals
- Leeson Polyurethanes
- In February 2022, BASF introduced a new methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) which is the company’s first greenhouse gas neutral aromatic isocyanate.
- In 2021, Lanxess AG introduced a new grade of isocyanate known as Trixene Aqua BI 120. The new product was intended for use with high-quality polyurethane systems.
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